Irregular periods have always been a problem for one girl or the other, especially when she is new to this phase. Before discussing this issue let us first discuss what menstruation is?

When a female reaches Puberty at the age of 12-16 years she undergoes the process of Menstruation or vaginal bleeding. Menstruation is a process in which a woman undergoes a series of hormonal changes and growth and maturation of reproductive system and the uterus sheds its lining. This process involves bleeding through vagina which occurs on monthly basis during the reproductive years of a female showing that she is fertile and has ability to reproduce.

Irregular Menstrual Cycle

The regular menstrual cycle ranges from 22 to 36 days with an ideal cycle length of 28 days. During this cycle the female ovulates at the midpoint of cycle mostly between the 12- 14 day of the cycle. Most females menstruate 4-5 days while some range from 3 to 7 days. The picture showing normal hormone levels during menstrual cycle.

Irregularity in the monthly cycle means that your periods are not regular. It is a disorder and in this condition you may menstruate;

  • absence of periods
  • one to four times in a year (Perimenopause)
  • two to three times in a month with spotting or extremely heavy flow
  • experience heavy bleeding after every two to three monthsIrregular periods

Factors Affecting Menstrual Cycle

There are some factors which cause irregular periods in women. They include:

  • Hormonal Imbalance
  • Eating Disorders
  • Stress
  • Over Exercise
  • Smoking
  • Drug Use
  • Uterine Abnormalities (including Fibroids, Polyps etc)
  • Poor Nutrition etc

Stress being the major factor can alter your menstrual cycle and can cause serious hormonal imbalance. The Adrenal Glands present inside your body secretes a Stress Hormone known as Cortisol. This hormone is secreted under conditions of stress as heavy exercise, poor nutrition, etc and can directly act on your reproductive system Sex Hormones including; Estrogen, Progesterone and DHEA. An alteration in hormone level can seriously affect your menstrual periods making them irregular.


Depending on the cause of irregularity, you can treat your irregular periods either by medications as oral contraceptives or by relieving stress. If there is a uterine disability then the condition should be treated on the basis of its condition.